Petrochemical, these six petrochemicals can be made into plastics, nylons, polyesters, etc., that are then transformed into items like bicycle helmets, lightweight car bumpers, space suits, medical devices and wind turbines.
How Are Petrochemicals Formed; The Petrochemical Plant. A vast majority of petrochemicals are obtained from fossil fuels, such as natural gas and crude oil. The rest usually comes from coal and biomass. A major, if not the most important element of the industry is the petrochemical plant itself.
Petroleum can be used to make various products ranging from rocket fuel to plastics and paints. Here are the most popular ones available on the market:
This substance is commonly used to make different types of films and plastics. It can be found in cleaning agents such as detergents as well as lubricants for various mechanical components such as industrial valves.
Benzene is very popular in the gasoline industry, but it can also be used to make nylons which are helpful in the packaging industry. Certain nylon fibers are also used to make clothes.
3. Medical resins
Petroleum can also be used to make resins used in the medical industry. Some of these resins can purify drugs and others are used to create different types of treatments, especially for those with AIDS or cancer.
4. Medical Plastics
The healthcare industry requires a lot of disposable products made from plastic such as bottles, medical syringes, etc. Petroleum can be used to create such plastics in various shapes and sizes.
5. Food Preservatives
Different types of petrochemical products can be used in the food industry to create preservatives. These substances prolong the shelf life of foods stored in cans and bags. Some ingredients found in candies and food colorings are also made from various types of petrochemical products to enhance their flavor and taste.
Petrochemical products are usually used to create a wide variety of household products such as perfumes, cosmetics, makeup products, aftershaves, etc. Shampoos and hair dyes also contain petrochemical products in various quantities. If you use wax for your hair or beard, it has been created using petroleum derivatives.
Certain plants, vegetables or flowers require fertilizers to help them grow quicker and remain healthy. A plethora of fertilizers and pesticides contain petrochemical products in their content.
Most carpets that you can find in a household is manufactured using multiple petrochemical products. These products are intended to add color to the carpet as well as strengthen the fibers.
9. Safety Glass
Tempered or safety glass is much tougher than regular glass and it’s used in residential and commercial buildings. It keeps thieves at bay as well as protecting certain perimeters such as pools against pets or small kids. Safety glass is made using petrochemical products for enhanced strength and durability.
10. Crayons and Markers
The crayons you are probably using to draw on paper or a magnetic board contain petrochemical substances. These substances are used to add color and maybe make the ink resistant to UV rays. This applies to all kinds of crayons and markers, whether we talk about the ones used by kids or by engineers in meeting rooms.
Chemicals derived from petroleum or natural gas are known as petrochemicals which are typically extracted during the refining process as crude oil and natural gas liquids are cracked or distilled. Oil refineries produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions.
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